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Star of Bethlehem leads to astronomical questions - Titans of the Texas Legislature

Featured: Area leaders pose with several of the many gifts that were donated for deserving children in the 15th Congressional District during the third annual Christmas Bash & Toy Drive, hosted by Congressman Vicente González, D-McAllen, and his wife, Lorena Sáenz González, on Monday evening, December 2, 2019, at the Embassy Suites in McAllen. From left: Rep. Terry Canales, D-Edinburg; Norma Guerra; Erika Canales; Hidalgo County Sheriff J.E. “Eddie” Guerra; Hidalgo County Judge Richard Cortéz; Amanda Hinojosa; Congressman Henry Cuellar, D-Laredo; Sen. Juan “Chuy” Hinojosa, D-McAllen; Guy Bailey, President, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley; and Val LaMantia Peisen.



Star of Bethlehem leads to astronomical questions


There are countless stars in the sky, but one, particularly, is tied to Christmas – the Star of Bethlehem. According to the Gospel of Matthew, a star led the magi to Jesus.

(The Bible records the story in Matthew 2:1-11. Verses 1 and 2 say:“After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked,  ‘Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him.’”)

“It is possible to use stars for navigation, said Moisés Castillo, Assistant Director, UTRGV Dr. Cristina V. Torres Memorial Astronomical Observatory at Resaca de la Palma State Park in Brownsville. “However, multiple sources recording the same event happening is typically how we function as astronomers,” he said. 

And in the case of the Star of Bethlehem, it is only mentioned in a few Bible verses.

The magi, arriving in Jerusalem from the east, saw “His star at its rising.” 

Some versions of the Bible say, “His star in the east.” And, the star “went on before them until it came and stood over the place where the Child was.”

“In ancient cultures, astronomy and astrology were typically tied,” Castillo said, “They were unified. The positions of stars and planets were kept track of. There may actually have been a particular planetary alignment that meant that there would be the birth of a king. So, whenever there was this particular star alignment or planetary alignment, they would say, ‘Oh, we’re in the era of the birth of a new king.’”

Unfortunately for scientific minds, he said, “There isn’t clear documentation.”

Ancient astronomical events

Still, some records about astronomical events at the time do exist.

“A lot of astronomers who want to look at ancient astronomical events typically refer to Chinese recordings,” Castillo said.

Astronomical transient events – like any increase of light or a sudden change in what appear to be stars – would have been recorded.

“One of the things that did come up with was a ‘variable’ star, which repeatedly would become brighter. But apparently, it dated back to 4 or 5 B.C.,” Castillo said.

Still, that date might not eliminate it as a possibility for the Star of Bethlehem. The debate is ongoing about what year Jesus was born, and some researchers have placed his birth at between 6 B.C. and 4 B.C. Others suggest it was earlier, and someplace it later than 2 A.D.

Possibilities in the sky

“Stars are considered variable stars if the brightness or color observed changes with respect to time,” Castillo said. “The changes can be regular or irregular, with periods as quick as a few hours to a few months or even many years. The variability can come about due to internal physical processes, like pulsating, or external processes, like eclipsing binary stars.”

Researchers also have suggested that, if it existed, the Star of Bethlehem was a comet, a supernova or triple conjunction.

“A triple conjunction is where there are two objects that meet up, whether it’s a star and a planet or two planets aligning,” Castillo said.

Those objects align three times in a short period – hence the triple conjunction – each time causing an increase in brightness.

“It’s a pretty rare event,” he said.

Indirect records

The Bible’s mention of the Star of Bethlehem wouldn’t be the only instance of an astronomical event found outside of astronomical records.

“A group of researchers found evidence using the Egyptian Cairo calendar for documentation of variable stars,” Castillo said. “It was embedded in the text. It wasn’t something that was apparent. There wasn’t just, ‘This star has this certain magnitude and this certain position.’ So, there’s potential there,” Castillo said.

Other explanations

Outside of a poorly document astronomical event, Castillo offers two other possibilities for the Star of Bethlehem.

“There could have been some divine being,” he said. “Or there could have been something that was able to control that specific star using known physics.

“And another option would be that the entire story is just a story,” he said. “In that case, there would be no evidence for anything else.

“As a real event that happened? It’s pretty much up in the air.”

Stargazing events

Whatever your personal take on the Star of Bethlehem, the UTRGV Dr. Cristina Torres Memorial Astronomical Observatory offers the opportunity to see the stars as they are now.

The observatory, located at the Resaca de la Palma State Park in Brownsville, is open to the public the last Friday of every month.

Link to Facebook event page:

Link to the video version of this story: 


Tripping pipe for 12 hours on an oil rig can drain you, both physically and emotionally. Do it for two weeks straight, on the road, as the typical derrickman does, and you’ve more than earned the proud title of “roughneck.”

This was Noé Cienfuegos’s life. Leaving town every month to check pumps and run shaker screens. Throwing and latching fast-moving, impossibly heavy pipe. Collapsing into camp every evening sapped of every possible muscle fiber and electrolyte.

Then, suddenly, life got harder.

His wife’s health, precarious since her teenage years due to diabetes, took a turn for the worse. Her kidneys shut down, and she began to lose her vision, eventually losing sight completely in her right eye. She began hemodialysis, but the symptoms proved too severe, necessitating a transition to the more complex peritoneal dialysis.

“The unknown will kick you in your knees…and then once you’re on all fours, will kick you in your throat to finish you off,” reflects Cienfuegos, father to an 8-year-old son. “And that is what scared me.”

The new dialysis procedure required a monitor to operate the machines intermittently, throughout the day and night. Cienfuegos was faced with a choice.

“I had to choose to leave work to take care of her or leave her [alone] to continue working and making money,” Cienfuegos recalls. “And, well, now we’re broke, but together.”

Cienfuegos and his wife lost almost everything. A tough but lucrative paycheck that had provided $80,000-plus in annual earnings became $13,000, doing “pretty much anything that I can work around my schedule.” Unable to work a regular shift due to his healthcare duties at home, he began making ends meet doing catering — he’s something of a BBQ-savant — landscaping, and mechanic work.

“She’s needed…doctors and procedures that the insurance doesn’t pay for,” says Cienfuegos. “So, it’s like I need to pay for this treatment but I also need gas money. So…I’ll hustle and get that gas money.”

Cienfuegos wasn’t about to let the unknown finish him off. Inspired by a South Texas College TV commercial, the gears started turning, and he began to develop a long-term plan: turn his innate tech-savvy into a computer science degree, find a job near enough to see his wife and son every day, and earn enough money to hire a home healthcare worker. 

The day he stepped foot on the South Texas College campus, Cienfuegos felt something he hadn’t experienced in some time, amid his tumultuous life: a sense of hope

Though older than the typical college student, Cienfuegos found a welcoming home at South Texas College, connecting with classmates, engaging with instructors, and finding support through the Center for Learning Excellence. With the guidance of his STC professors, he set off on the path to a Computer and Network Specialist degree and even won an exclusive scholarship to help him on the way.

“I received a scholarship that I had no idea existed if it wasn’t for my professors,” he recalls. “If it wasn’t for them, I would’ve never applied and wouldn’t have gotten blessed with such an honor. All the professors are there to help and ensure you graduate.”

It hasn’t been easy. At one point, his wife suffered a stroke as the delayed result of a triple-bypass, losing her speech and movement on the right side of her body. This left Cienfuegos and his family desperate for a good sign —any sign— that things were destined to improve. 

That sign came the day that Cienfuegos told his wife he was nominated for the scholarship. Previously unable to muster any words other than “they,” his wife’s vocabulary suddenly included the word “wow,” and with that barrier broken, it would soon expand further. Restless one night, Cienfuegos got up to check his email, and everything changed.

“I found out I won the scholarship,” he recalls. “She was awake too, so I said ‘do you want to know some good news?’ and she nodded yes, and I told her. She then said, ‘good.’”

It progressed. But when he returned to the hospital from class the next day, he really began to believe in the power of positivity.

“When I got back in the afternoon, she was a God-sent new person,” remembers Cienfuegos. “More alive and very responsive, saying more words. I [was] so amazed. 

“Somehow the good news triggered something in her brain and she has been astonishing everyone. That was when I said: ‘this is cool and needs to continue.’”

Already determined to make a better life for his family, that incident connected the dots for Cienfuegos, providing a much-needed boost to the spirit. Now his South Texas College studies were more than a component of a personal dream. Now his academic successes represented an engine of inspiration, to sustain both his wife’s outlook and his personal drive.

“It’s like if I quit, she quits,” says Cienfuegos. “So as long as I keep fighting for a better future, she will keep fighting for that next breath with us.”

Cienfuegos draws strength from his South Texas College education, seeing it not only as a path to a brighter future but as a way of occupying his mind and spirit during a turbulent present. While working on his Computer and Network Specialist degree, he discovered STC’s restaurant management courses and realized that with the right foundation, his formidable barbecue skills could someday translate to a successful small business.

“[Noé] reminds me that ordinary persons become extraordinary when they encounter struggles that can be overcome through love of family, faith, positive foundations, and a desire to strive for the best,” says South Texas College Trustee Dr. Alejo Salinas, Jr. “It is up to the individual to chart the course that leads to success regardless of trials and tribulations. No obstacle is greater or more powerful than the sum total of the effort that individuals exert to overcome them.

“South Texas College provided Noé Cienfuegos with opportunities to embark on a journey of success,” Salinas says. “He is a testament to his family and community demonstrating that all things are possible. He is commended for his accomplishments, sacrifices, and perseverance. The team that provided him with the opportunity to ‘Experience Excellence’ is also acknowledged; thanks to the faculty, advisors, administrators, support staff, and a supportive Board of Trustees for providing opportunities for success. All is possible and it starts at STC.” 

Cienfuegos says his plan after he gets his degree is to work and be a leader, “… and get paid sufficient money so that I can hire someone to do my wife’s treatments.”

“[Then] I can focus on starting up my own business so that I can provide a great life for my family.”

‘Broke, but together.’

For all of the adversity that Cienfuegos and his family have faced in recent years, this holiday season represents a time of optimism. Even as daily, life-and-death challenges persist, hope and higher education are providing the Cienfuegos family a light at the end of the tunnel. And for Noe, that’s a blessing.

“These holidays will definitely make me reflect on these crazy years,” he ruminates. “My 8-year-old asked what I wanted for Christmas, and I said ‘for mommy to get better’ and he replied ‘yeah, I don’t want toys, just for mommy to get better too.’”

“That tore me up.”


Dimitra Hernández contributed to this article. For more on this and other Texas legislative news stories that affect the Rio Grande Valley metropolitan region, please log on to Titans of the Texas Legislature (

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